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Richard Wagner

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Biografia

Leipzig, Alemanha (1813 – 1883)

Richard Wagner (Leipzig, 1813 - 1883) foi um compositor alemão que se tornou num dos expoentes máximos do período do Romantismo na história da música ocidental. Ficou essencialmente conhecido pelas suas óperas (ou “dramas musicais”, como ele gostava de chamar) e pela criação do “Leitmotiv” (um tema musical associado a cada personagem).
Ele tentou criar a obra de arte total, juntanto musica, teatro, poesia e arte visual numa só entidade. Desta busca intensa resultou a construcção de uma casa especial em Bayreuth somente para a exibição dos seus dramas musicais.

Um fato curioso acerca deste compositor é o de ser ele o autor do “libretto” de todas as suas óperas e também dos cenários das mesmas.
Apesar de controverso e polémico devido às suas ideologias antissemitas, é considerado unanimemente como um dos principais compositores de todos os tempos.

As suas principais obras foram:
(1832) Die Hochzeit (O Casamento)
(1833) Die Feen (As Fadas)
(1836) Das Liebesverbot (A Proibição do Amor)
(1837) Rienzi, der Letzte der Tribunen (Rienzi, O Último dos Tribunos)
(1843) Der fliegende Holländer (O Navio Fantasma)
(1845) Tannhäuser
(1848) Lohengrin
(1859) Tristan und Isolde (Tristão e Isolda)
(1867) Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg(Os Mestres-Cantores de Nuremberga)
Tetralogia Der Ring des Nibelungen, composta por
* (1854) Das Rheingold (Ouro do Reno)
* (1856) Die Walküre (A Valquíria)
* (1871) Siegfried
* (1874) Götterdämmerung (Crepúsculo dos Deuses)


(1882) Parsifal

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  • frihet-

    Gênio eternizado.

    23 Abr 15h09 Responder
  • sandrarichm

    Love this Music

    20 Abr 17h31 Responder
  • Aartmusic

    Never get tired of the Lohengrin prelude to the first act.

    26 Mar 7h15 Responder
  • Aartmusic

    The richest melodies and harmonies I've ever heard. Especially in the Tristan und Isolde opera. Is there any composer who is better than Wagner? I doubt it.

    30 Jan 16h07 Responder
  • Sanity_Theorist

    Everyone should break away from Nietzsche's philosophy. The answer to and pondering using his beliefs is always "Who cares? It doesn't matter, because god is dead."

    8 Dez 2014 Responder
  • hjbardenhagen

    With the Spotify on-demand playback on all Last.fm pages showing tracks (e.g. albums) it's quite easy to listen to some complete Bayreuth performances of the Ring now. My favorite is the one by Daniel Barenboim, but the albums by Christian Thielemann, Pierre Boulez, Karl Böhm et al can transport the unique live sound of the Festspielhaus to your speakers as well. Older ones in mono are also worth listening featuring legendary Wagner singers and conductors.

    20 Out 2014 Responder
  • Dream-core

    Sadly Wagner didn't write more symphonies. But I must be happy with what he already composed. [2]

    14 Out 2014 Responder
  • oranje31

    super

    7 Set 2014 Responder
  • Absurd93

    I suspect the break between Wagner and Nietzsche ultimately stemmed from the latter's rejection of Schopenhauerian philosophy, which had had a major influence upon Wagner's work since Tannhäuser. Nietzsche, whilst initially favourable to Schopenhauer, came to reject the idea of self-denial, and instead sought to establish a philosophy which affirmed life. Hence, it's understandable why he would oppose Parsifal on philosophical grounds, given that the opera's libretto stresses the need to reject the material world and the urges of the will. The issue was not that Wagner had possibly become a Christian. Rather, from Nietzsche's evolving perspective, Wagner had fully embraced a philosophy which - religious or not - still praised servility, chastity and the denial of the self. Parsifal, in particular, represented for Nietzsche a life-denying philosophy which he saw as being decadent, and as being ultimately harmful to the development of great individuals.

    4 Set 2014 Responder
  • Seavas

    listening to HMV's potted ring cycle really does ruin all later wagner singing for you.

    27 Ago 2014 Responder
  • OG-Gurda

    Sadly Wagner didn't write more symphonies. But I must be happy with what he already composed.

    26 Ago 2014 Responder
  • MonarchKingdom

    @Omen-Sinistrum: I read the most insightful description of this controversy in Bryan Magee's Wagner and Philosophy. Bryan Magee's other (very short) book on Wagner is also worth reading.

    23 Ago 2014 Responder
  • candlesmoke

    aryan art.

    20 Ago 2014 Responder
  • MonarchKingdom

    Nietzsche disliked the topic of Parsifal (but as Nietzsche had argued previously, the subject should matter very little when discussing an artistic work's value), but he also wrote: "Moreover, apart from all irrelevant questions (as to what the use of this music can or ought to be) and on purely aesthetic grounds; has Wagner ever done anything better?" (See Wikipedia on Parsifal.) Obviously Nietzsche very much liked the music. It must also be mentioned that - as Bryan Magee has demonstrated - Nietzsche must have known that Wagner never did convert and that Wagner only mentioned Christianity in a mocking manner (moreover, Parsifal is more Buddhist or Schopenhauerist than Christian), so Nietzsche's criticism cannot have been due to Wagner's supposed Christianity. On the other hand, according to Bryan Magee Nietzsche must have had some personal reasons to attack Wagner.

    18 Ago 2014 Responder
  • BatooqSupersoul

    1. Nietzsche warned, in poetic verse, that Wagner’s art is not Germanic. Instead, it is similar to Italy’s Roman Catholic religion; 2. Why did Wagner write Parsifal and present the contrast between sensuality and chastity?; 3. Did Wagner, in old age, parody tragedy by freely showing a simple country boy as the ideal embodiment of ascetic chastity? If Parsifal was, however, meant seriously, then it is an expression of Wagner’s late hatred of sensuality, egotism, and life. It would then be considered to be bad art.

    13 Ago 2014 Responder
  • MonarchKingdom

    Nietzsche had personal reasons to attack Wagner. It had very little to nothing to do with Wagner's music.

    8 Ago 2014 Responder
  • OG-Gurda

    I listen to him everyday and I do not get bored yet...

    29 Jul 2014 Responder
  • Zittyyy

    The master ...(2)

    22 Jul 2014 Responder
  • falcomanka

    The master ...(1)

    19 Jul 2014 Responder
  • Seavas

    nietzsche just recognized that mozart and bizet were the music of the übermensch.

    19 Jul 2014 Responder
  • Todas as 765 mensagens

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