Jean Pierre Melville

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Líder: IfeellikeDonnie
Política de associação: Aberta
Criado em: 30 Ago 2010

Jean-Pierre Melville (October 20, 1917 – August 2, 1973) was a French filmmaker. Born Jean-Pierre Grumbach, he later adopted the pseudonym Melville during World War II as a tribute to his favorite American author, Herman Melville.[1] and subsequently kept it as his stage name once the war was over.

Born in Paris, France, Melville, who was an Alsatian Jew, served in World War II and fought in Operation Dragoon. When he returned from the war he applied for a license to become an assistant director, but was refused. Without this support, he decided to direct his films by his own means.

He became an independent film-maker, owning his own studios, and became well known for his tragic, minimalist film noirs, such as Le Samouraï (1967) and Le Cercle rouge (1969), starring major, charismatic actors like Alain Delon (probably the definitive 'Melvillian' actor), Jean-Paul Belmondo and Lino Ventura. His directorial style was influenced by American cinema and fetishized accessories like weapons, clothes and especially hats.

His independence and his 'reporting' style of film-making (he was one of the first French directors to use real locations regularly) were a major influence on the French New Wave film movement, and he appears as a minor character in Jean-Luc Godard's seminal New Wave film Breathless. When Godard was having difficultly editing Breathless, it was Melville who suggested that he just cut directly to the best parts of a shot. Thus, the films famous and innovative use of jump cuts were made.In 1963 he was a member of the jury at the 13th Berlin International Film Festival.
Melville died in Paris from a heart attack at the age of 55.


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  • Aserikoth

    Great director, I liked his cameo in Godard's Breathless a lot too

    3 Out 2010 Responder
  • laforgue

    Il n’y a pas de plus profonde solitude que celle du samouraï si ce n’est celle d’un tigre dans la jungle … peut-être

    13 Set 2010 Responder
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